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At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, the largest assembly of world leaders in history adopted the UN Millennium Declaration, a global blueprint for poverty-reduction and development. These leaders committed to a series of time-bound targets that became known as the Millennium Development Goals or MDGs, which focused on eight key areas: hunger and poverty; primary education; gender equality; child mortality; maternal health; HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; environmental sustainability; and a global partnership for development.
Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance is a global partnership bringing together public and private sectors with the shared goal of creating equal access to vaccines for all children. Gavi funds immunization programs in developing countries and supports the strengthening of health systems to help ensure vaccines reach people everywhere. To date, Gavi has helped protect 500 million additional children with new and under-used vaccines, saving 7 million lives.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) is an independent, multilateral financing entity designed to raise significant new resources to combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria in low- and middle-income countries. The U.S. has consistently been the Global Fund’s single largest donor, and as of the end of 2016 has contributed over US$13 billion. Since 2002, the Global Fund partnership has supported programs that have saved roughly 20 million lives.
The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is the largest commitment by any nation to combat a single disease. It is coordinated by the Office of the Global AIDS coordination and implemented by the following U.S. government entities: Department of State, USAID, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Peace Corps, and the Department of Defense (DoD). As of 2016, PEPFAR is supporting antiretroviral treatment for 11.5 million men, women, and children, across 65 countries around the world.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is an independent U.S. foreign assistance agency. MCC has a goal of poverty reduction through supporting economic growth, and partners with countries based on recorded performance in three areas: good governance, economic freedom, and investments in their citizens. MCC focuses on long-term, “country-led” implementation, primarily through large-five year grants, and has supported development programs in nearly 40 low- and lower-middle-income countries since it was established in 2004.
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) is an interagency initiative led by USAID and implemented together with CDC and HHS. When it was launched in 2005, the goal of PMI was to reduce malaria-related mortality by 50 percent across 15 high-burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa through a rapid scale-up of a handful of key malaria prevention and treatment measures. The work of PMI has contributed to significant decline in under-5 deaths, and it now works in 25 countries across Sub-Saharan Africa and the Greater Mekong Subregion.
The Feed the Future Initiative (FTF) was launched to address global hunger and food insecurity. Feed the Future aims to reduce the prevalence of poverty by 20 percent and the prevalence of stunting in children under five years of age by 20 percent in the areas where the initiative works. Feed the Future is informed by a whole-of-government approach, rooted in country leadership and partnerships across sectors, and currently works in 19 countries.
Launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Summit in September 2010, Every Woman Every Child is a global movement to mobilize international and national action by governments, multilaterals, the private sector, and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women and children around the world.
Pink Ribbon Red Ribbon (PRRR) was launched by the George W. Bush Institute, PEPFAR, Susan G Komen, and UNAIDS to prevent and treat cervical and breast cancer in low-resource settings. Now an independent non-profit affiliated with the George W. Bush Institute, Pink Ribbon Red Ribbon partners with national governments, multilateral organizations, NGOs, and the private sector in five countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths: A Promise Renewed (APR) brings together governments, civil society, the private sector, and individual citizens to stop women and children from dying of causes that are easily avoidable. In June 2012, the Governments of Ethiopia, India, and the United States convened the Child Survival Call to Action in Washington, D.C. Since then, over 178 governments and hundreds of civil society and faith-based organizations have signed a pledge, now called Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths: A Promise Renewed.
Saving Mothers, Giving Life was launched to accelerate the reduction of maternal and newborn deaths in Sub-Saharan African countries. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton launched Saving Mothers, Giving Life in 2012 to test an integrated health systems approach that addresses the “three delays” associated with maternal and newborn deaths. Its partners include the governments of Uganda, Zambia, Nigeria, the United States, and Norway as well as Merck for Mothers, Every Mother Counts, Project C.U.R.E., and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) is a global partnership that works with governments, civil society, multilateral organizations, donors, the private sector, and the research and development community with the goal of expanding contraceptive access to 120 million more women and girls by 2020. FP2020 is an outcome of the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning where more than 20 governments made commitments to address barriers to accessing contraceptive information, services, and supplies, and donors pledged an additional US$2.6 billion in funding.
The Global Nutrition for Growth Compact was endorsed in 2013 by 24 governments, including the United States. It is a joint declaration to work in partnership to reach at least 500 million pregnant women and children under two with effective nutrition interventions; prevent at least 20 million children under five from being stunted; and save at least 1.7 million lives by reducing stunting, increasing breastfeeding, and treating severe acute malnutrition.
With girls accounting for over 80 percent of new HIV infections among adolescents in the hardest hit countries, the U.S. government launched a new public-private partnership to reduce new HIV infections in adolescent girls and young women in 10 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. PEPFAR has partnered with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Girl Effect, and others on a $385 million initiative with the ambitious goals to reduce HIV incidence in targeted high-burden areas by 25 percent in two years, and 40 percent in three years.
The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) is an international initiative involving the United States, more than 40 other nations, international organizations, and private stakeholders working towards accelerating progress in global health security. The initiative prioritizes the three key objectives of prevention, detection, and response to infectious disease.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) build on the success of the Millennium Development Goals in continuing global efforts to end poverty, ensure prosperity and peace for all, and protect the planet. These 17 goals were adopted by all 194 UN member states, and focus on several interconnected areas of development ranging from eliminating hunger and reducing inequalities, to economic growth and good health and wellbeing.
Launched at the Third International Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa, the Global Financing Facility (GFF) is a financing platform in support of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health and the Sustainable Development Goals. The GFF has set in motion a new partnership among countries, United Nations agencies, multilateral agencies, public and private sector financiers, and civil society, to increase and better align funding in support of countries’ health priorities and plans.